Theology

Karin Finsterbusch

Traditional Textual Criticism Reconsidered: MT (codex L)-Ezek 35, LXX (papyrus 967)-Ezek 35 and its Hebrew Vorlage as Variant Editions and the Implications for the Search for the »Original« Text

Volume 9 () / Issue 3, pp. 334-347 (14)
Published 18.02.2021

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Traditional textual criticism usually takes MT (codex L) as its point of departure, focusing mainly on select variants in small textual units in order to evaluate whether a given reading is preferable to an alternative reading. This approach, however, is insufficient for several reasons: a variant may belong to a cluster of variants made by an »editor-scribe,« or may be an »individual textual variant« made by a »copyist-scribe« in the long course of textual transmission. The nature of a variant can only be revealed by separately analysing passages or books in different ancient versions. Furthermore, traces of different scribal activities as discernable in many proto-masoretic and early non-masoretic manuscripts imply, as will be demonstrated in this article with the help from Ezekiel 35 as a test case that there is no rational way to reconstruct the »original« shape of a passage or a biblical book.
Authors/Editors

Karin Finsterbusch Geboren 1963; Studium der Evangelischen Theologie und der Judaistik; 1994 Promotion im Fach Neues Testament; 1993–2000 Tätigkeit als Vikarin und Pfarrvikarin; 2004 Habilitation im Fach Altes Testament; seit April 2004 Professorin für Altes Testament und seine Didaktik in Landau.