Antibabylonische Polemik im priesterlichen Schöpfungsbericht?
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An examination of the suggestion of anti-Babylonian polemics in the priestly creation account-as it is often claimed-shows that there is no evidence for an anti-Babylonian orientation in Genesis 1. This is especially the case in regard to the creation of the heavenly bodies (Gen 1:14–19). Instead we have to consider that Genesis 1 was part of an Eastern Mediterranean koiné, i.e. a culture area in which during the 7th century BCE a new form of natural science established itself that received its main impulses from Mesopotamia.