Christoph Levin

Die Prüfung Abrahams (Genesis 22) und ihre innerbiblischen Bezüge

Volume 118 () / Issue 4, pp. 397-421 (25)

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The testing of Abraham in Gen. 22:1–19 is a parable created from many inner-biblical references. Its core is based on Gen. 12:1–7 and Exod. 3:1–5, and in further adaptations the event was moved to the mountain of God, following the example of Exod. 24:1–2, 13–14. The preparations for the sacrifice were added according to the Torah for the burnt offering in Lev 1:1–9. As in Gen. 28:19; 16:13; 32:31, special significance was ascribed to the site. In the second speech of the angel, the promises made to the fathers were given a collective messianic interpretation using Jer. 22:3–5. Lastly, the expulsion of Ishmael (Gen. 21:9–21) was taken into account, which is told along the lines of Gen 22. The passage Gen. 22 had a broad inner-biblical impact itself. Its traces can be seen in Gen. 21:9–21; 26:3–5, 24; Exod. 20:19–20; 24:11; 2Sam. 12:6; Job 1–2, among others.

Christoph Levin Geboren 1950; 1998 bis zu seiner Emeritierung 2016 Professor an der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München; Mitglied der Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Göttingen und der Finnischen Akademie der Wissenschaften; 2010–13 Präsident der International Organization for the Study of the Old Testament (IOSOT).