Yongzheng Liu, Yongsheng Xu

Rawlsian versus Utilitarian: Teachers' Incentives and the Distribution of Student Performance

Volume 174 () / Issue 3, pp. 548-569 (22)

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By using the test score of the least able student in a classroom as the objective function (Rawlsian optimum), this paper examines the implications for teachers' incentives and compares them with the objective that uses the average test scoreof all the students in a classroom (utilitarian optimum). We show that for certain human-capital production functions and teachers' effort cost functions, the Rawlsian optimum yields at least the same average human capital as the utilitarian optimum, but that the resulting distribution of human capital under the formeris more equitable than that under the latter.

Yongzheng Liu No current data available.

Yongsheng Xu No current data available.