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Cover of: Second Opinions and Diagnostic Uncertainty in Expert Markets
Florian Baumann, Alexander Rasch

Second Opinions and Diagnostic Uncertainty in Expert Markets

Section: Articles
Volume 180 (2024) / Issue 1, pp. 74-105 (32)
Published 30.10.2023
DOI 10.1628/jite-2023-0033
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  • 10.1628/jite-2023-0033
Second opinions are often proposed as a disciplining device to mitigate fraudulent behavior by experts. However, inappropriate treatment recommendations may stem from diagnostic uncertainty or inaccuracy. We analyze expert and customer behavior in a situation in which diagnostic outcomes can be incorrect, and in which customers can decide to seek a second opinion. We find that if diagnostic uncertainty pertains to the identification of the minor problem, an increase in diagnostic quality may be offset by a greater frequency of fraudulent recommendations for major treatments, while the degree to which customers search for second opinions remains unchanged. If not all major problems can be accurately identified, comparative statics is more intricate.