Scott D. Mackie

Eschatology and Exhortation in the Epistle to the Hebrews

[Eschatologie und Ermahnung im Hebräerbrief.]

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Published in English.
Scott D. Mackie analyzes the influence of eschatology in Hebrews' »word of exhortation.« The author's hortatory program is in essence an exposition of the eschatological consequences of Jesus' sacrificial self-offering and exaltation. His primary goal is to shape and solidify the identity of the community, as the siblings of the Son.
Scott D. Mackie analyzes the interface of eschatology and exhortation in Hebrews, paying special attention to the manner in which the author's eschatological convictions have shaped and empowered his hortatory effort. The author's eschatological thought-world coheres around two organizing principles: (1) Two-age eschatology: the Christ event has inaugurated the eschaton (9:26) and the end of the ages is imminent (10:26–39); (2) Heavenly Sanctuary eschatology: the Christ event culminates within this heavenly locale (9:11–12, 24; 10:19–21) and it also where the exalted Son reigns (1:3–13; 8:1; 10:12–13). The exhortations appearing in contexts where two-age eschatology is prominent emphasize urgency, immediacy, and existential irrevocability – conditions that naturally evoke calls for steadfast commitment (2:1–3; 3:14; 6:9–12; 10:35–39). Recitations of the community's experience of the eschaton are also prominent in these passages (2:4; 3:14; 6:4–5; 10:26–32). The hortatory agenda accompanying Heavenly Sanctuary eschatology is cultic in nature, focusing on the soteriological benefits of Jesus the high priest's sacrificial self-offering (1:3; 4:16; 5:9; 7:25, 27; 8:6; 9:12, 14–15, 24, 26, 28; 10:10, 12, 14, 18–25, 29). These soteriological benefits are intended to facilitate access to God in the Heavenly Sanctuary. The two exhortations to enter the Heavenly Sanctuary, 4:14–16 and 10:19–23, are then of strategic importance. It is there that the author's ultimate hortatory goal is reached, in the recipients' sacral confession of the Son of God, which forms and solidifies their identity as the family of God (3:1–6, 14; 4:14–16; 10:19–25).

Scott D. Mackie Born 1964; 2006 PhD Fuller Theological Seminary; currently teaching Biblical Studies at Loyola Marymount University in Los Angeles.


The following reviews are known:

In: Actualidad Bibliografica — 89 (2008), S. 35–38 (Valenti Fabrega)
In: Catholic Biblical Quarterly — 72 (2010), S. 598–599 (Clare K. Rothschild)
In: Biblica — 89 (2008), S. 430–433 (James Swetnam)
In: Religious Studies Review — 34 (2008), S. 107 (Alan C. Mitchell)
In: Theological Book Review — 19 (2007), S. 52 (Tbr)
In: Theologische Literaturzeitung — 138 (2013), S. 1181–1196 (Martin Karrer)
In: The Expository Times — 119 (2008), S. 192 (David Allen)
In: New Testament Abstracts — 51 (2007), S. 401
In: Journal for the Study of the New Testament (JSNT) — 30.5 (2008), S. 97 (Ian Boxall)