Feasts in John 978-3-16-149018-7 - Mohr Siebeck

Michael A. Daise

Feasts in John

Jewish Festivals and Jesus' »Hour« in the Fourth Gospel

[Die Feste bei Johannes. Jüdische Feste und die Stunde Jesu im vierten Evangelium.]

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ISBN 978-3-16-149018-7
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Published in English.
Michael A. Daise addresses the longstanding New Testament problem of the purpose of the feasts in the Gospel of John. He offers a new solution, based on a closer look at the Jewish liturgical year. In an earlier phase of the Fourth Gospel's literary development, the feasts were sequenced into a single, liturgical year and, as such, served to mark the imminent coming of Jesus' »hour".
In this work Michael A. Daise broaches the question of the rationale lying behind the six feasts mentioned in the Gospel of John. He argues that, in an earlier recension of the Fourth Gospel, those feasts were sequenced into a single, liturgical year and, as such, furnished temporal momentum for the concurrent motif of Jesus' 'hour'. After reviewing the feasts as they appear in the narrative, then critiquing the major theories proposed for their purpose, the author presents his key premise that the Passover at John 6:4 is to be read not as a regular Passover, observed on 14 Nisan (first month of the Jewish calendar), but as the 'Second Passover' of Numbers 9:9–14, observed on 14 Iyyar (second month of the Jewish calendar). The law of »hadash« for barley (6:9) requires a date for chapter 6 after the regular Passover; the Exodus manna episode (Exodus 16), on which John 6 largely turns, dates to 15 Iyyar; the contingent character of the Second Passover explains Jesus' absence from Jerusalem in John 6; and, with John 5 and 6 reversed, the chronology of John 2:13–6:71 coheres. On such a reading, the feasts of the entire Fourth Gospel unfold within a single, liturgical year: Passover (2:13), Second Passover (6:4), the unnamed feast/Pentecost? (5:1), Tabernacles (7:2), the Dedication (10:22–23) and Passover (11:55). Inasmuch as this scheme brings chronological design to chapters 2–12, and inasmuch as those same chapters also chronicle the imminent arrival of Jesus' »hour« (2:4; 12:23), an overarching purpose for the feasts emerges; namely, to serve the motif of Jesus' »hour« by marking the movement of time toward its arrival.

Michael A. Daise Born 1956; 1993 M. Div., Philadelphia Theological Seminary; 2000 Ph.D. at Princeton Theological Seminary; Assistant Professor, College of William & Mary, Williamsburg, USA.


The following reviews are known:

In: New Testament Abstracts — 52 (2008), S. 158
In: Theological Book Review — 19 (2007), S. 43 (Tom Wilson)
In: Journal for the Study of the NT — 30.5 (2008), S. 69–70 (Glenn Balfour)
In: New Testament Abstracts — 52 (2008), S. 158
In: Studia Historiae Ecclessiasticae — 35 (2009), S. 246
In: http://newbooksnetwork.com — https://newbooksnetwork.com/ (3/2020) (Michael Morales)