Herod as a Composite Character in Luke-Acts 978-3-16-153255-9 - Mohr Siebeck

Frank Dicken

Herod as a Composite Character in Luke-Acts

[Herodes als Kompositionsfigur im lukanischen Doppelwerk.]

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Were the three rulers with the name »Herod« in Luke-Acts a composite character? Frank Dicken explores their narrative similarities and interprets them as a single character in light of other examples of conflation in Jewish and early Christian literature.
Frank Dicken offers a new perspective on the three rulers who appear in Luke-Acts with the name »Herod,« contending that in light of their similar narrative depictions they may be construed as a composite character, i.e., a single character in the narrative. Viewing the Lukan Herods alongside other composite characters in Jewish and early Christian literature, the author then compares and contrasts the portrayal of the Herods in Luke-Acts with what is known about the Herods historically. Thereby he highlights two unique features – the title »King of Judaea« at Luke 1:5 and the name »Herod« for Agrippa I in Acts 12 – that result in construing the Herods as a composite. A reading of Luke-Acts focusing on each passage in which composite »Herod« appears demonstrates that understanding »Herod« as a single character is possible. Finally, Frank Dicken examines the characterization of composite »Herod« as an antagonist who embodies satanic opposition toward the spread of the gospel in the Lukan narrative.

Frank Dicken Born 1978; 2013 PhD (University of Edinburgh) in New Testament Language, Literature, and Theology; currently Assistant Professor of New Testament at Lincoln Christian University in Lincoln, Illinois.


The following reviews are known:

In: Journal of the Ev. Theol. Society — 59 (2016), S. 630–632 (Joshua W. Jipp)
In: New Testament Abstracts — 59 (2015), S. 347
In: The Polish Journal of Bibl. Research — 14 (2015), S. 228–231 (Zdzislaw J. Kapera)
In: Religious Studies Review — 41 (2015), S. 197 (Thomas E. Phillips)
In: Catholic Biblical Quarterly — 78 (2016), S. 156–157 (Richard I. Pervo)
In: Revue d'histoire et de Philosophie Religieuses — 95 (2015), S. 387 (Ch. Grappe)
In: Review of Biblical Literature — https://www.bookreviews.org/ (3/2018) (Alexander P. Thompson)
In: Recherches de Science Religieuse — 104 (2016), S. 254 (M. Rastoin)
In: Theologische Revue — 113 (2017), S. 262 (Christoph Stenschke)