Mark A. Awabdy

Immigrants and Innovative Law

Deuteronomy's Theological and Social Vision for the גר

[Einwanderer und innovatives Gesetz. Die theologische und soziale Vision des Deuteronomiums für den גר.]

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Published in English.
Mark A. Awabdy argues that Deuteronomy exhibits a novel and complex vision for the גר (gēr, engl. immigrant). The author substantiates this by investigating Deuteronomy's gēr theology and placement, motive clauses, intertextuality with or independence from other gēr laws, and mechanisms for integrating the gēr into the community of YHWH's people.
Mark A. Awabdy provides a nuanced and extensive understanding of the noun גר (gēr, engl. immigrant) in the book of Deuteronomy (D). He argues that a precise reconstruction of the historical referents of D's gēr is impossible and has led scholars to misread or overlook literary, theological, and sociological determinants. By analyzing D's gēr texts and contexts, evidence emerges for: the non-Israelite and non-Judahite origins of D's gēr ; the distinction between the gēr in D's prologue-epilogue and legal core; and the different meanings and origins of D's "gēr -in-Egypt« and "'ebed -in-Egypt« formulae. Awabdy further contends that D's revision of Exodus' Decalogue and Covenant Code and independence from H reveal D's tendencies to accommodate the gēr and interface the gēr with YHWH's redemption of Israel. He concludes by defining how D integrates the gēr into the community of YHWH's people.

Mark A. Awabdy Born 1981; 2004 BS in Biblical Studies; 2007 MDiv in Intercultural Studies from Grand Rapids Theological Seminary; 2012 PhD in Old Testament from Asbury Theological Seminary; currently Lecturer in Old Testament, South Asia.


The following reviews are known:

In: Revue Théologique de Louvain — 48 (2017), pp. 87–89 (Didier Luciani)
In: Old Testament Abstracts — 38 (2015), S. 522 (V.H.M.)
In: Biblische Notizen — 171 (2016), S. 149–150 (John J. Collins)