Theology

Abeneazer G. Urga

Intercession of Jesus in Hebrews

The Background and Nature of Jesus' Heavenly Intercession in the Epistle to the Hebrews

[Fürbitte Jesu im Hebräerbrief. Hintergrund und Wesen der himmlischen Fürbitte Jesu im Hebräerbrief.]

2023. Approx. 290 pages.
forthcoming in January

Wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen zum Neuen Testament 2. Reihe

approx. 90,00 €
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sewn paper
ISBN 978-3-16-161096-7
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Published in English.
Hebrews explicates that Jesus is an interceding high priest in heaven. His heavenly intercession is a continuation of his high priestly intercession on earth, couched in his sacrificial offering »in the days of his flesh,« and his current intercession for God's people is vocal, real, and efficacious.
Recent scholarship on Hebrews has focused on Christ's sacrifice, resurrection, atonement, and priesthood. Though these discussions focus on the pre-and-post ascension mediatorial role of Jesus, there has been minimal attention paid to »intercession« as the present mediatorial task of Jesus in heaven. In this volume, Abeneazer G. Urga examines the background and nature of Jesus' heavenly intercession in the Epistle to the Hebrews. He demonstrates that the author of Hebrews has primarily depended on the LXX and some texts of the New Testament – while remaining cognizant of the theme of intercession in Second Temple Literature – in the formulation of the motif of Jesus' high priestly intercession. Urga also argues that Jesus' heavenly intercession is vocalis et realis , and that his intercession is made in order to procure help and the forgiveness of sin for God's people in their time of need.
Survey of contents
Chapter 1: Introduction and Precedent Research

Chapter 2: The Motif of Intercession in the Old Testament
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Definition of Intercession
2.3 Abraham's Intercession for Sodom (Gen 18:20–33)
2.4 Moses' Intercession for Israel
2.5 Aaron's Intercession (Lev 16:20–22)
2.6 Amos' Intercession for Israel (Amos 7:1–6)
2.7 The Suffering Servant's Intercession (Isa 53:12)
2.8 Jeremiah's Intercession
2.9 Daniel's Intercession
2.10 Angelic Intercession
2.11 Conclusion

Chapter 3: The Motif of Intercession in the Second Temple Literature
3.1 Introduction
3.2 1 Maccabees
3.3 2 Maccabees
3.4 3 Maccabees
3.5 The Testament of Levi
3.6 1 Enoch
3.7 The Mishnah
3.8 The Dead Sea Scrolls: Intercession in The Genesis Apocryphon
3.9 Intercession in Philo
3.10 Conclusion

Chapter 4: Jesus' Intercession in the New Testament outside of Hebrews
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Jesus' Earthly Intercession
4.3 Jesus' Intercession for Peter (Luke 22:31–32)
4.4 Jesus' Priestly Intercession and Consecration (John 17:1–26)
4.5 Jesus' Intercession at Gethsemane
4.6 Jesus' Intercession on the Cross (Luke 23:34a)
4.7 Jesus' Final Intercession on the Cross (Luke 23:46)
4.8 Jesus' Heavenly Intercession
4.9 The Son of Man Intercedes in Heaven (Acts 7:55–56)
4.10 Christ's Heavenly Intercession for Us (Rom 8:34)
4.11 Jesus Christ Our Advocate with the Father (1 John 2:1–2)
4.12 Conclusion

Chapter 5: Jesus' Heavenly Intercession in the Epistle to the Hebrews
5.1 Introductory Questions
5.2 Exegesis of Texts
5.3 Hebrews 1:3c-d, 13
5.4 Hebrews 2:17–18
5.5 Hebrews 3:1–6
5.6 Hebrews 4:14–16
5.7 Hebrews 5:5–10
5.8 Hebrews 6:19–20
5.9 Hebrews 7:25
5.10 Hebrews 8:1–4
5.11 Hebrews 9:11–12, 24
5.12 Hebrews 10:11–14
5.13 Hebrews 10:19–25
5.14 Hebrews 12:1–2
5.15 Conclusion

Chapter 6: Conclusion
Authors/Editors

Abeneazer G. Urga Born 1984; 2006 BA in Foreign Language and Literature, Hawassa University; 2014 MDiv; 2021 PhD in Biblical Studies, Columbia International University; currently faculty member at the Evangelical Theological College in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, and an adjunct professor at Columbia International University.
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8277-2674

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