Jewish Studies

Tobias Nicklas

Jews and Christians?

Second-Century 'Christian' Perspectives on the »Parting of the Ways« (Annual Deichmann Lectures 2013)

[Juden und Christen? 'Christliche' Perspektiven im zweiten Jahrhundert auf das »Parting of the Ways« (Annual Deichmann Lecture 2013)]

2014. IX, 233 pages.
29,00 €
including VAT
sewn paper
ISBN 978-3-16-153268-9
Published in English.
When did the »Parting of the Ways« between Jews and Christians take place? Tobias Nicklas shows that different groups of Christ believers faced the problem very differently. To show this, Nicklas discusses images of »Jews« in early Christian writings, concepts of Israel's God and his Covenant, hermeneutics of Scripture, and matters of Torah interpretation.
When exactly did the »Parting of the Ways« between Jews and Christians take place? Was it already Jesus who separated himself and his followers from »the Jews?« Or did Paul make the decisive step with his mission of pagans? Or do we have to wait longer – until after 70 CE, when the Jerusalem Temple was destroyed, and different Jewish groups had to define their identities anew? Is the overall question perhaps formulated inadequately? In his new book, which goes back to the 2013 Deichmann lectures at Ben Gurion University, Beersheva, Tobias Nicklas shows that at least for the second and third centuries CE the overall idea of a parting of the ways between Jews and Christians is a misconception. Instead, one has to distinguish between the situations of different groups at different places and in different historical circumstances. Even concrete individuals could behave differently in different contexts of their lives. That's why, now, much more dynamic images have to be found to describe ancient realities more adequately. Focussing on so-called »Christian« perspectives on the matter, Nicklas discusses images of »Jews« in early Christian writings, concepts of God and his Covenant with Israel, problems of »Christological« and »Ecclesiological« hermeneutics of Israel's Scriptures, and, finally, the questions how different »Christian« groups treated matters of Halakha for believers in Christ.

Tobias Nicklas Geboren 1967; 2000 Dr. theol.; 2005–07 Professor für Neues Testament an der Radboud Universität Nimwegen, Niederlande; seit 2007 Professor für Exegese und Hermeneutik des Neuen Testaments an der Universität Regensburg; Research Associate an der University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, Südafrika; seit 2018 Leiter des Centre for Advanced Studies »Beyond Canon« an der Universität Regensburg; seit 2019 Adjunct Ordinary Professor an der Catholic University of America, Washington, D.C., USA.


The following reviews are known:

In: Recherches de Science Religieuse — 105 (2018), S. 147–149 (André Paul)
In: Journal for the Study of the NT — 37.5 (2015), S. 117–118 (Susan E. Docherty)
In: Theologische Literaturzeitung — 142 (2017), S. 79–80 (William Horbury)
In: Religious Studies Review — 42 (2016), S. 112–113 (Jason Maston)
In: Review of Biblical Literature — (1/2017) (Shira L. Lander)
In: Theologische Revue — 112 (2016), S. 91–110 (Jens Schröter)
In: Jahrbuch f.Liturgik u.Hymnologie — 2017, S. 126 (Helmut Schwier)
In: Verkündigung u. Forschung — 65 (2020), pp. 17–25 (Stefan Krauter)