Mark and Matthew I

Comparative Readings: Understanding the Earliest Gospels in their First Century Settings
Ed. by Eve-Marie Becker and Anders Runesson

[Markus und Matthäus – vergleichende Analysen. Die frühesten Evangelien im Kontext des ersten Jahrhunderts.]

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Published in English.
This collection of essays employs a sustained multi-perspectival comparative approach to Mark and Matthew, the earliest Gospel writings, which contributes both to the Synoptic Problem discourse and sheds light on the individual Gospels in their first century setting(s).
The study of Mark and Matthew from a comparative perspective has a long history. Ever since the theory of Markan priority became firmly established in the 19th century however, many studies, especially commentaries on either Mark or Matthew, make observations related primarily to one of the Gospels only. Thus the most frequent result of studying Mark and Matthew is that one Gospel is overshadowed by the other. This collection of papers employs a sustained multiperspectival comparative approach which contributes simultaneously to the synoptic problem discourse and sheds light on the individual Gospels in their first century setting(s), a procedure that reveals new questions and discoveries. This highlights new aspects of the Gospels which are critical for our understanding of the rise and development of Gospel literature in the first century C.E.

Barbara Aland, David E. Aune, Wayne Baxter, Eve-Marie Becker, Cilliers Breytenbach, Warren Carter, Sean Freyne, Morten Hørning Jensen, John S. Kloppenborg, Stanley E. Porter, Anders Runesson, David C. Sim, Lorenzo Scornaienchi, Tommy Wasserman, Oda Wischmeyer, Adela Yarbro Collins, Linden Youngquist
Survey of contents
Eve-Marie Becker and Anders Runesson: Introduction: Studying Mark and Matthew in Comparative Perspective
1. History of Research
Cilliers Breytenbach: Current Research on the Gospel according to Mark: A Report on Monographs Published from 2000–2009 – David C. Sim: Matthew: The Current State of Research
2. Reconstructing the Artifacts: Text-Critical and Linguistic Aspects of the Study of Mark and Matthew
Barbara Aland: Was heißt Abschreiben? Neue Entwicklungen in der Textkritik und ihre Konsequenzen für die Überlieferungsgeschichte der frühesten christlichen Verkündigung – Tommy Wasserman: The Implications of Textual Criticism for Understanding the 'Original Text' – Stanley E. Porter: Matthew and Mark: The Contribution of Recent Linguistic Thought
3. Date and Genre
Eve-Marie Becker: Dating Mark and Matthew as Ancient Literature – David E. Aune: Genre Theory and the Genre-Function of Mark and Matthew
4. Socio-Religious Location
Sean Freyne: Matthew and Mark: The Jewish Contexts – Morten Hørning Jensen: Conflicting Calls? Family and Discipleship in Mark & Matthew in the Light of First-Century Galilean Village Life – Linden Youngquist: Matthew, Mark and Q – Wayne Baxter: Matthew, Mark, and the Shepherd Metaphor: Similarities, Differences, and Implications
5. Conflict and Violence
Warren Carter: Matthew: Empire, Synagogues, and Horizontal Violence – Lorenzo Scornaienchi: The Controversy Dialogues and the Polemic in Mark and Matthew – John S. Kloppenborg: The Representation of Violence in Synoptic Parables
6. Building Community Using Text
Oda Wischmeyer: Forming Identity Through Literature: The Impact of Mark for the Building of Christ-Believing Communities in the Second Half of the First Century C. E. – Anders Runesson: Building Matthean Communities: The Politics of Textualization
7. Notes from the Conference: Further Discussion
Adela Yarbro Collins: Reflections on the Conference at the University of Aarhus, July 25–27, 2008

Eve-Marie Becker Geboren 1972; 2001 Dr. theol.; 2004 Habilitation; 2006–18 Professorin für neutestamentliche Exegese an der Universität Aarhus/Dänemark; 2016–17 Distinguished Visiting Professor of New Testament an der Emory University in Atlanta/USA; seit 2018 Professorin für Neues Testament an der Westfälischen Wilhelms-Universität Münster.

Anders Runesson Born 1968; 2001 PhD; 2002 Docent, Lund University; 2003–15 Professor of Early Christianity and Early Judaism, McMaster University, Canada; since 2015 Professor of New Testament in the Faculty of Theology at the University of Oslo, Norway.


The following reviews are known:

In: Theologische Literaturzeitung — 138 (2013), S. 30–32 (Matthias Konradt)
In: Journal for the Study of the NT — 34.5 (2012), S. 38–39 (Helen K. Bond)
In: Svensk Exegetisk Arsbok — 78 (2013), S. 204–207 (Tobias Hägerland)
In: Early Christianity — 3 (2012), S. 259–264 (Jeff Jay)
In: New Testament Abstracts — 56 (2012), S. 165
In: Bulletin for Biblical Research — 24.2 (2014), S. 278–279 (Craig A. Evans)
In: Revue d'histoire et de Philosophie Religieuses — 92 (2012), S. 524–525 (Ch. Grappe)
In: Studien zum NT und seiner Umwelt — 39 (2014), S. 218–221 (Heinz Giesen)
In: Recherches de Science Religieuse — 101 (2013), S. 440 (M. Rastoin)