Jewish Studies

Social History of the Jews in Antiquity

Studies in Dialogue with Albert Baumgarten
Edited by Michal Bar-Asher Siegal and Jonathan Ben-Dov

[Sozialgeschichte der Juden in der Antike. Studien im Dialog mit Albert Baumgarten.]

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ISBN 978-3-16-160694-6
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Published in English.
The present volume comprises a collection of articles creating an in-depth analysis of the social history of Jews and Christians in antiquity, particularly in the Greco-Roman world.
The present volume comprises articles by renowned international scholars in academic dialogue with the work of Albert Baumgarten. They contextualize ancient Jewish texts not only for their own sake, but also as a way of shedding light on antiquity in general. They address texts from the fields of Greco-Roman studies, Hellenistic Judaism, Second Temple sectarianism, rabbinic literature, and various facets of early Christianity. Additionally, there are articles discussing comparative religion, sociology of knowledge, anthropology, and economic history. Together, the articles create an in-depth analysis of the social history of Jews in antiquity.
Survey of contents
Michal Bar-Asher Siegal/ Jonathan Ben-Dov/Eyal Regev: Introduction

I. Second Temple Studies
Gabriele Boccaccini: Jewish Scholarship on the Second Temple Period: From the Renaissance to Albert I. Baumgarten − Martin Goodman: Philo's Extreme Allegorists Revisited −Maxine Grossman: The Dead Sea Sectarians: Breaking the Boundaries of an Essene-Shaped Space − Charlotte Hempel: Self-Fashioning in the Dead Sea Scrolls: Thickening the Description of What Rule Texts Do − Sylvie Honigman: Social and Economic Upheavals and the »De-Traditionalization« of Judean Society in Hellenistic Times: The Background to Sectarianism − Steve Mason: John of Gischala and Simon bar Giora from Gerasa: A National Revolt? − Eyal Regev: The Practice of Piety: The Puritans and Qumran − Daniel Schwartz: Who Brought on Antiochus's Decrees? On the Chaotic and »Worthless« Prehistory of Bickerman's Gott der Makkabäer − Daniel Stökl Ben Ezra: The Place of 4QMMT in the Corpus of Qumran Manuscripts: Beyond the Sussmann-Schiffman Dichotomy

II. Rabbinics and Early Christianity
Michal Bar-Asher Siegal: Public Confession in the Babylonian Talmud and in Contemporary Christian Sources − Jonathan Ben-Dov: Rabbi Yehuda Hanasi and the Roman Year − Shaye J.D. Cohen: Are Women and Gentiles »Persons« (Adam, Benei Adam) in the Eyes of the Mishnah? − Steven Fraade: »Reading Leads to Translating« in a Multilingual Context: The View from Early Rabbinic Texts (and Beyond) − Maren Niehoff: Celsus's Jew in Third-Century Caesarea: Tracing Hellenistic Judaism in Origen's Contra Celsum − Adele Reinhartz: The Fourth Gospel and the First-Century Outreach Campaign to the Gentiles − Adiel Schremer: How Can Rabbinic Narratives Talk History?

III. Sociological Models and Ancient Judaism: Former Students in Dialogue
Stéphanie E. Binder: Contre Apion I. 183–205; II. 43. Quelle audience pour les passages attribués à Hécatée? −Shlomit Kendi Harel: Yom Hakippurim: Day, Year, or Eschatological Jubilee? − Hillel Newman: Religious Conviction (Religion) and Ethical Practice (Morality) in a Jewish Group in Antiquity: Strengthening a Sociological Approach − Samuele Rocca: The Jews among the Middle Ruling Class of Roman Italy? An Elaboration of a Thesis by Paul Veyne − Elisheva, Shoshana, Margalit, and Naama Baumgarten: Remembering it Well: In Lieu of a Retrospective

Jonathan Ben-Dov Born 1971; has been a research fellow at New York University (ISAW), The University of Durham, and the Israel Institute for Advanced Studies (Jerusalem); currently associate professor at the department of Bible, Tel Aviv University.

Michal Bar-Asher Siegal Born 1979; was an elected member of the Israel Young Academy of Sciences, Harry Starr Fellow at Harvard University, and visiting professor at Yale University; currently scholar of rabbinic Judaism and associate professor at the Goldstein-Goren Department of Jewish Thought, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev.


The following reviews are known:

In: Review of Biblical Literature — (10/2022) (Benjamin D. Gordon)
In: Journal for the Study of Judaism (JSJ) — 54 (2023), pp. 247–254 (Kenneth Atkinson)
In: New Testament Abstracts — 66 (2022), pp. 310–311