The New Day of Atonement 978-3-16-159393-2 - Mohr Siebeck
Theology

Hans M. Moscicke

The New Day of Atonement

A Matthean Typology

[Der neue Versöhnungstag. Eine matthäische Typologie.]

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In this work, Hans M. Moscicke investigates the influence of the Day of Atonement on Matthew's passion narrative. He argues that Matthew portrays Jesus as both goats of the Leviticus 16 ritual in his Barabbas episode (Matt 27:15–26), Roman-abuse scene (Matt 27:27–31), and death-resurrection narrative (Matt 27:50–54).
In this work, Hans M. Moscicke investigates the influence of the Day of Atonement on Matthew's passion narrative. The author argues that the First Evangelist crafts a sustained Yom Kippur typology in the twenty-seventh chapter of his Gospel and then remodels the Barabbas episode (Matt 27:15–26) as a Yom Kippur lottery between two »goats”. Pilate acts as high priest, designating Jesus as the immolated goat and Barabbas, along with the crowd, as a sin-bearing scapegoat. Matthew also casts Jesus as a scapegoat in the Roman-abuse scene (Matt 27:27–31), in which he depicts Jesus as physically receiving the sins of the world upon himself. Finally, the author suggests that Matthew, in his death-resurrection narrative (Matt 27:50–54), conceives Jesus as offering his life-force to God as the sacrificial goat for YHWH and descending to the realm of the dead as the goat for Azazel.
Authors/Editors

Hans M. Moscicke Born 1985; 2008 BA from Moody Bible Institute (Biblical Studies); 2011 MA from Wheaton College Graduate School (Biblical Exegesis); 2019 PhD from Marquette University (Judaism and Christianity in Antiquity).
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1524-410X

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