The Samaritans in Flavius Josephus 978-3-16-151462-3 - Mohr Siebeck
Jewish Studies

Reinhard Pummer

The Samaritans in Flavius Josephus

[Die Samaritaner bei Flavius Josephus.]

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Reinhard Pummer studies the first-century C.E. Jewish historian Flavius Josephus' narratives about the Samaritans in the light of current developments in Josephan and Samaritan studies and of the results of recent archaeological work on Mount Gerizim (by Nablus in Palestine), the sacred centre of the Samaritans.
The first-century C.E. Jewish historian Flavius Josephus is our main source of information for the early history of the Samaritans, a community closely related to Judaism whose development as an independent religion is commonly dated in the Hellenistic-Roman period. Josephus' two main works, Jewish War and Jewish Antiquities, contain a number of passages that purport to describe the origin, character and actions of the Samaritans. In composing his histories, Josephus drew on different sources, some identifiable others unknown to us. Contemporary Josephus research has shown that he did so not as a mere compiler but as a creative writer who selected and quoted his sources carefully and deliberately and employed them to express his personal views. Rather than trying to isolate and identify Josephus' authorities and to determine the meaning these texts had in their original setting, Reinhard Pummer examines what Josephus himself intended to convey to his audience when he depicted the Samaritans in the way he did. He attempts to combine composition criticism and historical research and argues that the differences in Josephus' portrayal of the Samaritans in War on the one hand and in Antiquities on the other are due to the different aims the historian pursued in the two works.
Authors/Editors

Reinhard Pummer Born 1938; 1967–2004 Professor of Religious Studies at the University of Ottawa, Canada; currently Professor Emeritus, Department of Classics and Religious Studies, University of Ottawa, Canada.

Reviews

The following reviews are known:

In: Salesianum — 73 (2011), S. 576–578 (Rafael Vicent)
In: Revue d'histoire et de Philosophie Religieuses — 90 (2010), S. 405–406 (Ch. Grappe)
In: http://diglot.wordpress.com — http://diglot.wordpress.com/2010/03/29/review-the-samaritans-in-flavius-josephus/ (07/2010) (Kevin Brown)
In: International Review of Biblical Studies — 56 (2009/10), 1269
In: New Testament Abstracts — 54 (2010), S. 427
In: Theologische Literaturzeitung — 135 (2010), S. 817–819 (Andreas Lehnardt)
In: Zeitschr. f. d. Alttestamentl. Wissenschaft — 122 (2010), S. 476–477 (B. Ego)
In: Journal of the Am. Oriental Society — 131.1 (2011), S. 183–184 (Doug Finkbeiner)
In: Old Testament Abstracts — 33 (2010), S. 197–198 (Christopher T. Begg)
In: Biblische Zeitschrift — 55 (2011), S. 300–302 (Claudia Losekam)