The Trial and Crucifixion of Jesus 978-3-16-152956-6 - Mohr Siebeck
Theology

David W. Chapman / Eckhard J. Schnabel

The Trial and Crucifixion of Jesus

Texts and Commentary

[Der Prozess und die Kreuzigung Jesu. Texte und Kommentar.]

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Published in English.
This comprehensive sourcebook publishes the extra-biblical primary texts with translation and commentary that illustrate Jesus' trial before the Sanhedrin and before Pontius Pilate, and crucifixion as a method of execution in antiquity.
The purpose of this comprehensive sourcebook by David W. Chapman and Eckhard J. Schnabel is to publish the extra-biblical primary texts that have been cited as relevant for understanding Jesus' trial and crucifixion. The texts in the first part deal with Jesus' trial and interrogation before the Sanhedrin, and the texts in the second part concern Jesus' trial before Pilate. The texts in part three represent crucifixion as a method of execution in antiquity. For each document the authors provide the original text (Hebrew, Aramaic, Greek, Latin, etc.), a translation, and commentary. The commentary describes the literary context and the purpose of each document in context before details are clarified, along with observations on the contribution of these texts to understanding Jesus' trial and crucifixion.
Survey of contents
Part 1. The Jewish Trial before the Sanhedrin (E. J. Schnabel)
1.1 Annas and Caiaphas
1.2 The Jurisdiction of the Sanhedrin
1.3 Capital Cases in Jewish Law
1.4 Interrogation of Witnesses
1.5 The Charge of Blasphemy
1.6 The Charge of Being a Seducer
1.7 The Charge of Sorcery
1.8 Abuse of Prisoners
1.9 Transfer of Court Cases

Part 2. The Roman Trial before Pontius Pilatus (E. J. Schnabel)
2.1 Pontius Pilatus
2.2 The Jurisdiction of Roman Prefects
2.3 The crimen maiestatis in Roman Law
2.4 Reports of Trial Proceedings
2.5 Languages Used in Provincial Court Proceedings
2.6 Amnesty and Acclamatio Populi
2.7 Abuse of Convicted Criminals
2.8 Requisitioning of Provincials
2.9 Carrying the Crossbeam
2.10 Titulus

Part 3. Crucifixion (D. W. Chapman)
3.1 Crucifixion, Bodily Suspension, and Issues of Definition
3.2 Bodily Suspension in the Ancient Near East
3.3 Barbarians and Crucifixion according to Graeco-Roman Sources
3.4 Suspension and Crucifixion in Classical and Hellenistic Greece
3.5 Jewish Suspension and Crucifixion
3.6 Victims of Crucifixion in the Roman Period
3.7 Suspension and Crucifixion in Hellenistic and Roman Palestine
3.8 Methods and Practices of Bodily Suspension in the Roman Period
3.9 Crucifixion Terminology Applied to Earlier Traditions
3.10 Perceptions of Crucifixion in Antiquity
3.11 Reception of the Christian Message of the Crucified Messiah
Authors/Editors

David W. Chapman Born 1966; 2000 PhD (University of Cambridge); since 2000 Professor of New Testament and Archaeology, Covenant Theological Seminary, Saint Louis, USA.

Eckhard J. Schnabel Born 1955; 1983 PhD from Aberdeen University (Scotland); Mary F. Rockefeller Distinguished Professor of New Testament at Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary, Hamilton, Massachusetts, USA.

Reviews

The following reviews are known:

In: Estudios Biblicos — 2015, Heft 3, S. 485–487 (José Miguel Garcia)
In: New Testament Abstracts — 59 (2015), S. 346
In: Studien zum NT u.seiner Umwelt — 41 (2016), S. 205–208 (Andreas Heindl)
In: Archivio Teologico Torinese — 23 (2017), S. 214–219 (Giuseppe Ghiberti)
In: Revue d'histoire et de Philosophie Religieuses — 96 (2016), S. 341 (Ch. Grappe)
In: Jahrbuch f.Liturgik u.Hymnologie — 2017, S. 86 (Helmut Schwier)
In: Religious Studies Review — 42 (2016), S. 41 (Brian J. Wright)
In: Journal for the Study of the NT — 38 (2016), S. 24 (Maureen Yeung Marshall)
In: Journal of the Ev. Theol. Society — 59 (2016), S. 620–622 (Aaron W. White)
In: Theologische Literaturzeitung — 141 (2016), S. 770–771 (Armand Puig i Tàrrech)
In: Studia Biblica Athanasiana — 17 (2016), S. 162–163 (X.G.)
In: Actualidad Bibliografica — 2016, S. 17–24 (Valenti Fabrega)
In: Europ. Journal of Theology — 27 (2018), S. 92–93 (Christoph Stenschke)