The Vocabulary of the Septuagint and its Hellenistic Background

Ed. by Eberhard Bons, Patrick Pouchelle, and Daniela Scialabba

[Das Vokabular der Septuaginta und ihre hellenistische Grundlage.]

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How do Jewish or Christian authors writing in Greek handle the difference existing for some words between the »biblical« usage and the usual meaning in Greek? Which words of the Septuagint continue in later writings with their specific meaning? These and other questions were dealt with at several workshops regarding the projected Historical and Theological Dictionary of the Septuagint held between 2013 and 2017, the proceedings of which are published in this book.
This volume precedes the projected Historical and Theological Dictionary of the Septuagint which is to offer historical studies of Septuagint words, retracing their usage from early authors, over koine Greek and the translation itself, into Jewish-Hellenistic and early Christian literature. The earliest of these phases were the object of a several workshops held between 2013 and 2017, the proceedings of which now appear in this book. The papers focus on the following key questions: what can we say about the meaning, the usage and the semantic development of Greek words attested in the Septuagint; where and how does the Septuagint use these words, and to what extent do they correspond to their Hebrew and Aramaic equivalents? Furthermore, to what extent can papyri contribute to a better understanding of typical Septuagint words? The papers combine the analysis of selected words and word groups with considerations of method.
Survey of contents
Eberhard Bons/Patrick Pouchelle/Daniela Scialabba: Introduction – Anna Passoni Dell'Acqua: Le vocabulaire de la Septante à la lumière des papyrus – Nesina Grütter: Die Blöße der Stadt-Frauen: Überlegungen zur Verwendung der Substantive αἰσχύνη und ἀσχημοσύνη und in der Septuaginta – Patrick Pouchelle: La main de Cyrus ou la main de Dieu? Étude de l'expression ἀποστέλλω τὴν χεῖρα dans la Septante – Justus Ghormley: Coining Silver: The Translation of kæsæp in the Septuagint – Marieke Dhont: Why is God not designated as an ἄρχων in the Septuagint? – Daniela Scialabba: οὗτος δὲ οὐδὲν ἄτοπον ἔπραξεν (Luke 23:41). What Did the Good Thief Want to Say? A New Testament Citation and its Papyrological Background – David S. Hasselbrook: Nuances of Meaning with Compound Words in the Septuagint: A Case Study of διαγογγύζω and εἰσακούω in Contexts of Grumbling – Eberhard Bons: Die Übersetzung παρὰ τὰς διεξόδους τῶν ὑδάτων in Psalm 1,3 und ihr griechischer Hintergrund – Kyriakoula Papademetriou: The Semantic Evolution of the Word παρρησία through its Pragmatic and Sociolinguistic Fields – Beatrice Perego: Παράδεισος and Κῆπος: The Garden Terminology of the Septuagint – Miriam Carminati: The Verb συναντιλαμβάνομαι: The History of a New Compound Created in the Hellenistic Epoch

Eberhard Bons Geboren 1958; 1988 Dr. phil.; 1993 Dr. theol.; 2000 Habilitation; seit 2004 Professor für Altes Testament an der Universität Straßburg.

Patrick Pouchelle Born 1973; 2013 PhD; Associate Professor of Old Testament at the Centre Sèvres in Paris.

Daniela Scialabba Born 1978; studied Theology at the Faculty of Theology of Sicily; 2011 Licence in Biblical Theology; 2017 Dr. theol., University of Strasbourg; since 2015 teacher of biblical exegesis and ancient languages at the Faculty of Catholic Theology of the University of Strasbourg; since 2018 staff member of the German-French Research Project »Pluritext – Thinking from the Margins: Textual Plurality Outside the Masoretic Tradition".


The following reviews are known:

In: Bulletin for Biblical Research — 31 (2021), pp. 419–421 (W. Edward Glenny)
In: Catholic Biblical Quarterly — 83 (2021), pp. 167–169 (Dirk Büchner)
In: Material Giudaica — 25 (2020), pp. 611–613 (Ludovica De Luca)
In: Zeitschrift für die Alttestamentliche Wissenschaft (ZAW) — 132 (2020), pp. 517–518 (M. Rösel)
In: New Testament Abstracts — 64 (2020), p. 454
In: — Filologia Neotestamentaria, 43 (2021), pp. 251–253 (Christoph Stenschke)
In: Journal for the Study of the New Testament (JSNT) — 42 (2020), p. 121 (Sean A. Adams)
In: Old Testament Abstracts — 43 (2020), p. 868 (Christopher T. Begg)
In: Journal for the Study of the OT — 45.5 (2021) (Anselm C. Hagedorn)