Have Attempts to Establish the Dependency of Deuteronomy on the Esarhaddon Succession Treaty (EST) Failed?
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The precursor to Deut 13:2–18* and 28:21–44* likely had the form of a loyalty oath which comprehended both of these texts. New evidence reinforces the view that this loyalty oath alluded to the EST as well as to West-Semitic treaty motifs. First directed to a king of Judah, it was incorporated into the book of Deuteronomy by Deuteronomistic authorship. The distance in time between the composition of the original loyalty oath and its incorporation into Deuteronomy means that the contents of Deuteronomy 13 and 28 can no longer be used to support the thesis that the authors of Deuteronomy intended to subvert the claims of Neo-Assyrian hegemony.