Privatautonomie, Parteiautonomie: (Familienrechtliche) Zukunftsperspektiven
Jahrgang 79 (2015) / Heft 4, S. 752-767 (16)
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Private Autonomy, Party Autonomy: (Family Law) Future Perspectives Much as it previously dominated the law of contracts, private autonomy increasingly dominates the area of family law. Party autonomy, the right of the parties to select the applicable law, has found acceptance in international family law. The consequences in many areas are nothing less than revolutionary, including divorce by mutual consent, cohabitation instead of marriage, children having two legal fathers or two legal mothers or even three parents (sperm donor and a lesbian couple), surrogate motherhood, and impacts on divorce and maintenance in choice-of-law cases. Not all of these developments may be welcomed by all individuals. But in better serving self-determination, they are attractive to others and represent future perspectives.