Wettbewerb der Datenschutzrechtsordnungen - 10.1628/rabelsz-2020-0071 - Mohr Siebeck

Moritz Hennemann

Wettbewerb der Datenschutzrechtsordnungen

Zur Rezeption der Datenschutz-Grundverordnung

Jahrgang 84 () / Heft 4, S. 864-895 (32)
Publiziert 12.10.2020

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The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) has granted the European Union an excellent position in the »competition« between data protection laws. This competition goes along with a gradual convergence of data protection laws worldwide, initiated and promoted by the European Union. In this competition, the European Union benefits not only from the so-called Brussels Effect (Bradford), but also from distinct legal instruments: The GDPR rules on the scope of application and on data transfer to non-EU countries are of legal importance in this competition, and the adequacy decision under Art. 45 GDPR creates further de facto leverage for negotiations on free trade agreements with non-EU countries. The European Union has already been able to use this tool as a catalyst for European data protection law approaches. The European Union should, however, refrain from »abusing« its strong position and not press for extensive »copies« of the GDPR worldwide – and thereby create legislative lock-in-effects. Alternative regulatory approaches – potentially even more innovative and appropriate – are to be evaluated carefully by means of a functional and/or contextual comparative approach.

Moritz Hennemann Geboren 1985; Studium der Rechtswissenschaft in Heidelberg, Krakau, Freiburg (Promotion) und Oxford (Magister Juris); Wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter am Max-Planck-Institut für ausländisches und internationales Privatrecht, Hamburg; Rechtsanwalt bei Hengeler Mueller, Düsseldorf; Akademischer Rat a. Z. am Institut für Medien- und Informationsrecht der Universität Freiburg; Visiting Researcher an der Harvard Law School; Habilitation; Inhaber des Lehrstuhls für Europäisches und Internationales Informations- und Datenrecht an der Universität Passau.