Morality and the Minds of Gods
31,50 € inkl. gesetzl. MwSt.
Over the more than two millennia of ancient Mesopotamian history, the prevailing understanding of the gods' involvement in human life was that the gods rewarded the pious with wealth and health and punished the impious for failing to observe cultic obligations. However, the quality of their life was not solely determined by the degree of devotion to the gods. Apparently, ancient people also believed that the gods abhorred anti-social conduct and imposed hardship on them even as they granted wealth for pro-social conduct. Although they often complained about their incomprehensibility, ancient Mesopotamians apparently regarded the gods' minds as the core of their moral norms. In this study, I outline the ancient Mesopotamian moral norms based on the will of the gods as reflected in ancient Sumero-Akkadian wisdom texts.